The first Caritas organization was established by Lorenz Werthmann on 9 November 1897 in Germany. cit., 574-575. His was certainly a social teaching of great importance: he underlined the indispensable importance of the Gospel for building a society according to freedom and justice, in the ideal and historical perspective of a civilization animated by love. Charity is love received and given. Social and psychological alienation and the many neuroses that afflict affluent societies are attributable in part to spiritual factors. It will be what people make of it”[104]. Here we see the clearest expression of technology's supremacy. Indeed, the most valuable resources in countries receiving development aid are human resources: herein lies the real capital that needs to accumulate in order to guarantee a truly autonomous future for the poorest countries. The actors and the causes in both underdevelopment and development are manifold, the faults and the merits are differentiated. Human knowledge is insufficient and the conclusions of science cannot indicate by themselves the path towards integral human development. [153] Faced with these dramatic questions, reason and faith can come to each other's assistance. Österreich steuerlich absetzbar. Its source is the wellspring of the Father's love for the Son, in the Holy Spirit. “The whole man and all men” is also the criterion for evaluating cultures and religions. After its former director Andreas Vogt unexpecteldy died in November, Caritas Luxembourg has now found a replacement with Crochet. In the social, juridical, cultural, political and economic fields — the contexts, in other words, that are most exposed to this danger — it is easily dismissed as irrelevant for interpreting and giving direction to moral responsibility. Just as human virtues are interrelated, such that the weakening of one places others at risk, so the ecological system is based on respect for a plan that affects both the health of society and its good relationship with nature. It is a force that has its origin in God, Eternal Love and Absolute Truth. Technology is highly attractive because it draws us out of our physical limitations and broadens our horizon. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 22-29: loc. Knowledge is never purely the work of the intellect. Nature is at our disposal not as “a heap of scattered refuse”[116], but as a gift of the Creator who has given it an inbuilt order, enabling man to draw from it the principles needed in order “to till it and keep it” (Gen 2:15). Charity in truth feeds on hope and, at the same time, manifests it. From its headquarters in Oslo, Caritas Norway works to help people in Norway and in countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. And today it is this trust which has ceased to exist, and the loss of trust is a grave loss. 77. The excessive segmentation of knowledge[80], the rejection of metaphysics by the human sciences[81], the difficulties encountered by dialogue between science and theology are damaging not only to the development of knowledge, but also to the development of peoples, because these things make it harder to see the integral good of man in its various dimensions. Charity goes beyond justice, because to love is to give, to offer what is “mine” to the other; but it never lacks justice, which prompts us to give the other what is “his”, what is due to him by reason of his being or his acting. 61. Paul VI, in his Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, pointed out that the causes of underdevelopment are not primarily of the material order. The significant new elements in the picture of the development of peoples today in many cases demand new solutions. It would be advisable, however, to develop a sound criterion of discernment, since the adjective “ethical” can be abused. [58] Cf. Once the role of public authorities has been more clearly defined, one could foresee an increase in the new forms of political participation, nationally and internationally, that have come about through the activity of organizations operating in civil society; in this way it is to be hoped that the citizens' interest and participation in the res publica will become more deeply rooted. The Church's social teaching is quite clear on the subject, recalling that the economy, in all its branches, constitutes a sector of human activity[113]. John Paul II, Message for the 2000 World Day of Peace, 15: AAS 92 (2000), 366. But that is not all. Lady Keith's Lament Lyrics. Hope encourages reason and gives it the strength to direct the will[87]. It must be remembered that the market does not exist in the pure state. Globalization certainly requires authority, insofar as it poses the problem of a global common good that needs to be pursued. It favours cross-fertilization between different types of business activity, with shifting of competences from the “non-profit” world to the “profit” world and vice versa, from the public world to that of civil society, from advanced economies to developing countries. [4] Cf. Paul VI answers the question by indicating the essential quality of “authentic” development: it must be “integral, that is, it has to promote the good of every man and of the whole man”[42]. Contextual translation of "caritas" into English. Neither attitude is consonant with the Christian vision of nature as the fruit of God's creation. Consumers should be continually educated[145] regarding their daily role, which can be exercised with respect for moral principles without diminishing the intrinsic economic rationality of the act of purchasing. The exclusively binary model of market-plus-State is corrosive of society, while economic forms based on solidarity, which find their natural home in civil society without being restricted to it, build up society. Insignificant matters are considered shocking, yet unprecedented injustices seem to be widely tolerated. The Church does not have technical solutions to offer[10] and does not claim “to interfere in any way in the politics of States.”[11] She does, however, have a mission of truth to accomplish, in every time and circumstance, for a society that is attuned to man, to his dignity, to his vocation. [158] Cf. Nevertheless, uncertainty over working conditions caused by mobility and deregulation, when it becomes endemic, tends to create new forms of psychological instability, giving rise to difficulty in forging coherent life-plans, including that of marriage. This deviation from solid humanistic principles that a technical mindset can produce is seen today in certain technological applications in the fields of development and peace. Otherwise, if the only basis of human rights is to be found in the deliberations of an assembly of citizens, those rights can be changed at any time, and so the duty to respect and pursue them fades from the common consciousness. An overemphasis on rights leads to a disregard for duties. She must above all protect mankind from self-destruction. May the Virgin Mary — proclaimed Mater Ecclesiae by Paul VI and honoured by Christians as Speculum Iustitiae and Regina Pacis — protect us and obtain for us, through her heavenly intercession, the strength, hope and joy necessary to continue to dedicate ourselves with generosity to the task of bringing about the “development of the whole man and of all men”[159]. Cáritas recolecta ropa y alimentos no perecederos para las víctimas de la inundación. The phenomenon, as everyone knows, is difficult to manage; but there is no doubt that foreign workers, despite any difficulties concerning integration, make a significant contribution to the economic development of the host country through their labour, besides that which they make to their country of origin through the money they send home. When technology is allowed to take over, the result is confusion between ends and means, such that the sole criterion for action in business is thought to be the maximization of profit, in politics the consolidation of power, and in science the findings of research. Not only is this vision threatened today by the way in which markets and societies are opening up, but it is evidently insufficient to satisfy the demands of a fully humane economy. Charity. Our freedom is profoundly shaped by our being, and by its limits. In these contexts, love and truth have difficulty asserting themselves, and authentic development is impeded. This leads to a rejection, not only of the distorted and unjust way in which progress is sometimes directed, but also of scientific discoveries themselves, which, if well used, could serve as an opportunity of growth for all. 48. When the word is used generically, it can lend itself to any number of interpretations, even to the point where it includes decisions and choices contrary to justice and authentic human welfare. Nevertheless, if such efforts are to have lasting effects, they must be based on values rooted in the truth of human life. No one shapes his own conscience arbitrarily, but we all build our own “I” on the basis of a “self” which is given to us. Due attention must obviously be given to responsible procreation, which among other things has a positive contribution to make to integral human development. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, 38: loc. A more incisive role for consumers, as long as they themselves are not manipulated by associations that do not truly represent them, is a desirable element for building economic democracy. The current situation offers unique opportunities for the economic aspects of development — that is to say the flow of money and the emergence of a significant amount of local enterprise — to be combined with the cultural aspects, chief among which is education. [112] Cf. [64] Cf. 75. How to say Caritas in English? John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, 43: loc. [70] Cf. The principal new feature has been the explosion of worldwide interdependence, commonly known as globalization. We are all witnesses of the burden of suffering, the dislocation and the aspirations that accompany the flow of migrants. In this most delicate and critical area, the fundamental question asserts itself force-fully: is man the product of his own labours or does he depend on God? Internationally, Caritas Norway provides emergency relief and contributes to long term development. 0134 Oslo Without this, despite the great progress accomplished in various sectors, international law would risk being conditioned by the balance of power among the strongest nations. We need to think hard about the cause. It is true that peace-building requires the constant interplay of diplomatic contacts, economic, technological and cultural exchanges, agreements on common projects, as well as joint strategies to curb the threat of military conflict and to root out the underlying causes of terrorism. Charity always manifests God's love in human relationships as well, it gives theological and salvific value to all commitment for justice in the world. cit., 295. Religious should remember there is no better way than their own example to commend their institutes and gain candidates for the religious life. Love comes down to us from the Son. This is demanded, in any case, by the earth's state of ecological health; above all it is required by the cultural and moral crisis of man, the symptoms of which have been evident for some time all over the world. Even when we work through satellites or through remote electronic impulses, our actions always remain human, an expression of our responsible freedom. [110] Cf. [147] Cf. Benedict XVI, Message for the 2007 World Day of Peace, 5. How can we be surprised by the indifference shown towards situations of human degradation, when such indifference extends even to our attitude towards what is and is not human? There is always a need to push further ahead: this is what is required by charity in truth[76]. ; Id., Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 5, 54: loc. Because it is a gift received by everyone, charity in truth is a force that builds community, it brings all people together without imposing barriers or limits. This can be done by investing in rural infrastructures, irrigation systems, transport, organization of markets, and in the development and dissemination of agricultural technology that can make the best use of the human, natural and socio-economic resources that are more readily available at the local level, while guaranteeing their sustainability over the long term as well. [27] Cf. Lowering the level of protection accorded to the rights of workers, or abandoning mechanisms of wealth redistribution in order to increase the country's international competitiveness, hinder the achievement of lasting development. This continual application to contemporary circumstances began with the Encyclical Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, with which the Servant of God Pope John Paul II chose to mark the twentieth anniversary of the publication of Populorum Progressio. cit., 565-566. 23, 33: loc. With funding from Catholic agencies across the globe, Caritas has reached out to over 140,000 refugees with aid including food, non-food items, water and sanitation in the past years. This is a very important aspect of authentic development, since it concerns the inalienable values of life and the family[110]. This is the damage that “superdevelopment”[72] causes to authentic development when it is accompanied by “moral underdevelopment”[73]. The risk for our time is that the de facto interdependence of people and nations is not matched by ethical interaction of consciences and minds that would give rise to truly human development. 0182 Oslo, Postal address: The conviction that man is self-sufficient and can successfully eliminate the evil present in history by his own action alone has led him to confuse happiness and salvation with immanent forms of material prosperity and social action. What aid programme is there that can hold out such significant growth prospects — even from the point of view of the world economy — as the support of populations that are still in the initial or early phases of economic development? John Paul II, Message for the 1990 World Day of Peace, 13: loc. Jn 8:32). Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? Moreover, an evaluation is needed of the different terms in which the problem of development is presented today, as compared with forty years ago. Paul VI, Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, 16: loc. Human translations with examples: home mission, caritas (org). [15] Cf. The principal concern must be to improve the actual living conditions of the people in a given region, thus enabling them to carry out those duties which their poverty does not presently allow them to fulfil. Yet the requirements of justice must be safeguarded, with due consideration for the way in which the capital was generated and the harm to individuals that will result if it is not used where it was produced[97]. [151] Cf. 28. 14. The publication of Populorum Progressio occurred immediately after the conclusion of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, and in its opening paragraphs it clearly indicates its close connection with the Council[14]. I am aware of the ways in which charity has been and continues to be misconstrued and emptied of meaning, with the consequent risk of being misinterpreted, detached from ethical living and, in any event, undervalued. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Veritatis Splendor (6 August 1993), 33, 46, 51: AAS 85 (1993), 1160, 1169-1171, 1174-1175; Id., Address to the Assembly of the United Nations, 5 October 1995, 3. Despite some of its structural elements, which should neither be denied nor exaggerated, “globalization, a priori, is neither good nor bad. Jn 8:32) and of the possibility of integral human development. This means that moral evaluation and scientific research must go hand in hand, and that charity must animate them in a harmonious interdisciplinary whole, marked by unity and distinction. Learn the pronuniciation of Caritas. Rue de la Charité 43 Without necessarily endorsing the thesis that the central focus on the worker has given way to a central focus on the consumer, this would still appear to constitute new ground for unions to explore creatively. Jn 13:1) and “poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit” (Rom 5:5). It was signed on 29 June 2009 and was published on 7 July 2009. Moreover, Populorum Progressio repeatedly underlines the urgent need for reform[54], and in the face of great problems of injustice in the development of peoples, it calls for courageous action to be taken without delay. The economy needs ethics in order to function correctly — not any ethics whatsoever, but an ethics which is people-centred. The economic sphere is neither ethically neutral, nor inherently inhuman and opposed to society. [11] Paul VI, Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, 13: loc. Every migrant is a human person who, as such, possesses fundamental, inalienable rights that must be respected by everyone and in every circumstance[142]. Unfortunately this spirit is often overwhelmed or suppressed by ethical and cultural considerations of an individualistic and utilitarian nature. Nevertheless, without the guidance of charity in truth, this global force could cause unprecedented damage and create new divisions within the human family. Without internal forms of solidarity and mutual trust, the market cannot completely fulfil its proper economic function. “Caritas in veritate” is the principle around which the Church's social doctrine turns, a principle that takes on practical form in the criteria that govern moral action. Development will never be fully guaranteed through automatic or impersonal forces, whether they derive from the market or from international politics. The Christian faith, by becoming incarnate in cultures and at the same time transcending them, can help them grow in universal brotherhood and solidarity, for the advancement of global and community development. Evolving societies must remain faithful to all that is truly human in their traditions, avoiding the temptation to overlay them automatically with the mechanisms of a globalized technological civilization. Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter Spe Salvi, 35: loc. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. I 1964 ble Caritas Norge en selvstendig stiftelse. As Paul VI wrote: “What we hold important is man, each man and each group of men, and we even include the whole of humanity”[43]. [135] John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Centesimus Annus, 5: loc. cit., 838-840. All people feel the interior impulse to love authentically: love and truth never abandon them completely, because these are the vocation planted by God in the heart and mind of every human person. [116] Heraclitus of Ephesus (Ephesus, c. 535 B.C. 79. It is irresponsible to view sexuality merely as a source of pleasure, and likewise to regulate it through strategies of mandatory birth control. cit., 135; Benedict XVI, Message for the 2006 World Day of Peace, 9-10: loc. Caritas translation in English-German dictionary. 9. It is in the interests of the market to promote emancipation, but in order to do so effectively, it cannot rely only on itself, because it is not able to produce by itself something that lies outside its competence. This is a phenomenon that needs to be further explored, as it contains positive elements to be encouraged as well as excesses to be avoided. The development in question is not simply the result of natural mechanisms, since as everybody knows, we are all capable of making free and responsible choices. [72] John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, 28: loc. These situations are symptomatic of scant confidence in the future and moral weariness. It is true that the export of investments and skills can benefit the populations of the receiving country. To love someone is to desire that person's good and to take effective steps to secure it. Nature, especially in our time, is so integrated into the dynamics of society and culture that by now it hardly constitutes an independent variable. But it also needs just laws and forms of redistribution governed by politics, and what is more, it needs works redolent of the spirit of gift. cit., 799. Congregavit nos in unum Christi amor. Technologically advanced societies must not confuse their own technological development with a presumed cultural superiority, but must rather rediscover within themselves the oft-forgotten virtues which made it possible for them to flourish throughout their history. Caritas England and Wales – CAFOD. Every violation of solidarity and civic friendship harms the environment, just as environmental deterioration in turn upsets relations in society. Caritas definition: charity | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Such an authority would need to be regulated by law, to observe consistently the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, to seek to establish the common good[147], and to make a commitment to securing authentic integral human development inspired by the values of charity in truth. Benedict XVI, Address to the Participants in the Fourth National Congress of the Church in Italy, Verona, 19 October 2006. Paul VI, Encyclical Letter Populorum Progressio, 10, 41: loc. ibid., 2: loc. It consists of 44 diocesan Caritas organisations, which act at the regional level, and Caritas Poland, which is responsible for national campaigns and providing international aid, supporting, in particular, victims of natural disasters and armed conflicts around the world. It is “grace” (cháris). This originates in a transcendent vocation from God the Father, who loved us first, teaching us through the Son what fraternal charity is. En verden uten sult er mulig! She has a public role over and above her charitable and educational activities: all the energy she brings to the advancement of humanity and of universal fraternity is manifested when she is able to operate in a climate of freedom. The different forms of economic enterprise to which they give rise find their main point of encounter in commutative justice. Let us hope that the international community and individual governments will succeed in countering harmful ways of treating the environment. All of humanity is alienated when too much trust is placed in merely human projects, ideologies and false utopias[126]. Internationally, Caritas Norway operates primarily through partnerships with other diocesan and national Caritas organizations, Caritas Internationalis and Caritas Europe. It was initially published in Italian, English, French, German, Polish, Portuguese, and Spanish. 2. The Church's social doctrine, which has “an important interdisciplinary dimension”[77], can exercise, in this perspective, a function of extraordinary effectiveness. [61] Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World Gaudium et Spes, 63. Paul VI had an articulated vision of development. “The peoples themselves have the prime responsibility to work for their own development. cit., 864. It is from their reciprocal encounter in the marketplace that one may expect hybrid forms of commercial behaviour to emerge, and hence an attentiveness to ways of civilizing the economy. cit., 267. When this happens, humanity runs new risks of enslavement and manipulation. The transition inherent in the process of globalization presents great difficulties and dangers that can only be overcome if we are able to appropriate the underlying anthropological and ethical spirit that drives globalization towards the humanizing goal of solidarity. Thus every economic decision has a moral consequence. Right intention, transparency, and the search for positive results are mutually compatible and must never be detached from one another. [35] Cf. 13. From the economic point of view, this meant their active participation, on equal terms, in the international economic process; from the social point of view, it meant their evolution into educated societies marked by solidarity; from the political point of view, it meant the consolidation of democratic regimes capable of ensuring freedom and peace. It is a good that is sought not for its own sake, but for the people who belong to the social community and who can only really and effectively pursue their good within it. 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